Tuesday, 9 October 2012
War of 1812: The Invasion of Canada
When President James Madison and Congress declared war on Great Britain in June of 1812, the Americans quite confidently assumed that it would be a very easy matter indeed to invade and conquer the British colony of Canada. As former President Thomas Jefferson wrote that summer:
The acquisition of Canada this year, as far as the neighborhood of Quebec, will be a mere matter of marching, and will give us experience for the attack of Halifax the next, and the final expulsion of England from the American continent.
The American government not only thought that the Canadian colony would be poorly defended by the British, but it also made the mistake of thinking that the people of Upper and Lower Canada would welcome the Americans as liberators and so would not put up much resistance.
Wrong on both counts, as it turned out.
Tomorrow: Who Was Sir Isaac Brock?